3D Modeling And Computer Programs

3d modeling

3d modeling

The process of 3D modeling is actually a mathematical component one needs to develop in order to represent the surface of the object as a complete image. A model could be created using a computer program or by hand. Models created by hand are not very common nowadays; most designers prefer to work with a computer screen and keyboard to create prototypes.

The models generated on a computer screen like house rendering use a geometric equation connecting points or triangles, curves, lines and so on. These geometric equations can be created by hand on paper with the same collection of data points used in the computer rendering. Then they can be scanned into a computer for further manipulation.

There are many different computer software programs available for individuals who want to manipulate a photo rendering for more dimensions. These various programs allow the user to add and subtract depth and do the same for mesh. They can also stretch various aspects of a photo’s components. All of this gives a photo a life-like look.

If the metadata is compatible with other files, the person manipulating the photo can import other pieces of data into their photo to create more depth. There are many different techniques someone can integrate into a photo to make it seem real. The person doing the modeling can also map different textures into their photo to give it an even more real feel.

There are two types of representations with this type of models, solid and shell/boundary. The solid is like a rock, it will define the volume of the object you want to represent. They are a little more difficult to draw because they are more realistic in nature. This type of model, the solid model is used in engineering and medical simulated drawings to help doctors and city planners understand better what they need to do.

The shell/boundary types of models or drawings represent the boundary or surface of the object. This is the type of model or drawing that is used in video games. It is much easier to work with as a model and easier to draw for both beginners and experienced modelers.

In computer graphics, boundary representations are the most common because of their appearance. The surface of the item needs to be what is represented most. This is because the exterior of the item you are representing is what is seen, however the interior is what gives the item its depth. All of these needs to come together and that is why you need the complex mathematical equations.

To bring everything together, many modelers use meshing. Instead of meshing squares or circles, they tend to mesh together triangles. Meshing together triangles is a popular way to render a scene from the abstract to something life-like for 3D modeling. This meshing of triangles can be done on paper or with a computer program with wonderful, multilevel results.

Related Article

[source]

How to Use SketchUp Make for 3D Design

how to use sketchup

Google SketchUp Make, a Simple to Use 3D Modeling CAD Package

There are several 3D CAD software applications available for high end and used for house rendering, detailed design in the area of engineering and architecture. High powered software comes with a corresponding price tag which can range from hundreds to thousands of dollars. Examples of 3D CAD software are AutoCAD, Solid Works, and Solid Edge. Google SketchUp Make is a free software package which can be upgraded to the pro version (SketchUp Pro) for about $600. The free version is useful for simple 3D design of images, diagrams, and graphics for websites and can be used free of charge for home, personal and educational use.

While Google bought the company @Last Software which originally developed Sketchup, the application is currently owned by Trimble Navigation.

Glossary

CAD: Computer Aided Design. The use of computers and software to create a virtual design. The design could be as simple as a schematic drawing of an electrical circuit or PCB layout or a more sophisticated 3D model of a building or animated model of a machine. A CAD design can be easily modified compared to a traditional pencil or pen and ink drawing, or real world 3D prototype

3D Modeling: The process of creating a virtual 3 dimensional object within a software package.

Rendering: Adding colors and textures to the surface faces of a 3D object

Wire Frame: A technique for creating and displaying 3D objects using frameworks of lines. Wire frame images display quicker than rendered images which was important before the days of fast computer systems and graphics cards

Ray Tracing: Creating photo realistic images by simulating the effects of interactions of light rays with objects in a virtual scene

A wire frame image
A wire frame image | Source

Designing a Switch – Start With 2D and Extrude

In the video below, I draw a rocker switch. Design involves drawing primitive 2D shapes initially, and then “pushing” and “pulling” to extrude the shape into a 3D solid. Once the shape is created, it can be exported to a JPG file.

Effective 3D Rendering for Real Estate Industry

3d rendering

The real estate industry has a long history. But never before was it touched so significantly by the field of technology as in the present times. The concept of keeping clients waiting to give them the first look at their desired property is not always welcome. This can make the clients impatient and drive them not to go further to buy the property. A solution to this problem lies in the recent utilization of technology to create virtual reality. That’s what the real estate industry is using 3D rendering for. And with amazing results as well.

Effective 3D Rendering for the Real Estate Industry

It has been observed that house rendering helps the real estate industry significantly. People tend to buy those properties more, which they have already seen. However, it is not always possible for the real estate agents to show the properties to their prospective clients. This is because the marketing, which is needed to sell the property, has to be started far ahead. This poses a major challenge for the real estate agents, as it is quite difficult to convince the potential customers to buy a property when they have not even seen it.

This is where 3D rendering becomes relevant. It creates a virtual presentation of the upcoming properties even before they have been created. Moreover, with every passing day, technologies are becoming more and more advanced. So, different kinds of 3D renderings are also emerging, which are making it easier for real estate agents to sell their properties.

Here’s a quick look at some of the most common forms of 3D rendering, which are used extensively in the real estate industry.

3d rendering

Different Types of 3D Rendering

Rendering for the real estate properties and each of them offers a unique experience to the viewers. Some of these renderings include:

  • 3D Interactive
  • 3D Flythrough
  • 3D Walkthrough

All these forms of virtual 3D architectural renditions help the potential buyers to feel interested about a property and go ahead with the decision of purchasing the real estate property.

Interactive 3D Rendering for a Personalized Experience

Buying a real estate property means investing a good amount of money. So, would you like to invest in something about which you do not have any idea? Of course not. And this holds true for a large number of customers as well. So, the real estate property dealers have to find a way out to give you the feeling of moving into your desired space even when it is not ready. Besides, the customers need to have a personalized experience as well. And this is what interactive 3D rendering helps them to achieve.

The concept of this form of 3D rendering is becoming more and more popular these days. The viewers have the opportunity to rotate the structure and see each and every corner of it. This surely gives an amazing experience and the potential buyers can know about the property in detail before purchasing it.

Quick View through 3D Flythrough Experience

The concept of 3D flythrough takes the 3D interactive experience a step forward. It takes you swiftly through the different corners of the property. The 3D flythrough experience is going to take you around the property in a random manner. You will be able to explore the architecture from different angles. This will surely be an amazing experience, as you will be able to see each and every corner of the virtual property and can even get a bird’s eye view of it. Remember, this might not be possible for you to do when you are walking into the real property once it has been constructed.

Virtually Going through the Property with 3D Walkthrough

The style of 3D walkthrough is a bit advanced form of the fly-through experience. It gives a clear indication of how you might feel when you walk into the property that you are planning to purchase. You can see all the corners of the property at eye level and thus, it is very much akin to the experience of walking into the property in reality. You can take different directions and enjoy the walking simulation on the computer screen. Besides, you can even have an idea of the height of the ceiling, the type of floors, and so on when you walk into the property using 3D walkthrough technology.

The practice of offering 3D rendering in the real estate industry surely offers one of the most amazing forms of virtual tours through the property. It is turning out to be extremely effective, as it has been observed that these 3D rendering can even influence your decision to buy the property.

Related Articles

Article Source: https://lerablog.org/business/economy/real-estate/forms-of-3d-rendering-driving-the-real-estate-industry/

Is Outsourcing Residential Rendering a Good Idea or Not?

residential rendering

Residential architectural renderings have far more advantages than just impressing clients and influencing sales. Models developed through 3D rendering services increase the efficiency of the construction process, help reduce the design cycle and help eliminate errors before construction begins.

The 3D architectural visualization provided by the rendering process is a significant step in architectural and engineering work, but due to its technical nature, outsourcing is seen to be increasingly favored by Western firms to procure architectural rendering services at an effective cost and of high quality.

What is Rendering?

Rendering is a great tool to visualize and perfect the architectural process, but just what does it involve? In brief, a detailed representation of a 3D object results in 3D modeling. This 3D model (or scene file) can then be used as an image on a print through the process known as rendering. It is also known as image synthesis and is the digital development of a photorealistic image from a 2D or 3D model. It is called a ‘rendering’ most likely because it is similar to an artist’s ‘rendering’ of a scene.

Rendering

The created scene file hosts objects in a defined language. This file contains data on geometry, viewpoint, texture, lighting, and shading, and transferred to a rendering programme. The information will process, and the output sends to a digital image or raster graphics image file.

A rendering device, a graphics processing unit or GPU, assists a CPU in performing complex rendering calculations. Models are specific mathematical 3D representations of points and surfaces, or vertices and polygons, and a 3D software render engine transforms the equation to a complete and detailed 2D image.

Spatial, textural and lighting data combine to create color values for each pixel of the 2D image. For example, when using virtual lighting to make a scene look realistic, the rendering software used should effectively solve the rendering equation. This equation does not determine all light sources and effects, but it is a general lighting model for the image generated. Rendering provides the finishing touches to models, and rendering software is an engineered programme that brings together disciplines connected with light physics, visual perception, and mathematics.

Current 3D software includes a render engine and textural and lighting packages to enable the creation of photorealistic images. Commonly used render engines are Mental Ray and V-Ray. Available with Autodesk Maya, Mental Ray is fast and flexible, using raytracing and global illumination, to generate images with subsurface scattering. V-Ray use with 3DS Max for detailed architectural visualization and environment rendering.

It is well known for its lighting tools and well-stocked materials library. Residential rendering includes architectural renderings of homes and buildings, and interior design renders of rooms and homes.

Popular Rendering Tools

rendering

The more popular software tools used for architectural rendering include:

  • 3DS Max
  • Autodesk Maya
  • Photoshop CS
  • V-Ray
  • AutoCAD
  • SketchUp

Photo-realistic visualization and 3D architectural rendering can ensure that design ideas view while maintaining the accuracy of the details portrayed. The effect of shadow, sunlight and artificial light can also describe in renders.

How To Create Photorealistic Rendering

photorealistic rendering

Effective 3D rendering communicates ideas clearly to clients, and with a process-driven approach, both clients and those providing 3D rendered images will benefit. This how the process generally works:

– Renderer’s understand what the client wants, using plans, sketches, and images from the client to visualize the project.

– Clients send CAD ‘dwg’ files with drawings, plans, blueprints, with PDF, DWG, CAD, JPEG, PNG or other file formats, showing elevations, interior design, floor plans, site and roof plans.

– A digital 3D model created.

– The model has images added to improve the realism.

– Lights are set up to replicate real-world lighting.

– The model generates 2D images. This when rendering occurs, which can take a few seconds to several days, depending on the complexity and quality required. Large rendering computers known as render farms run this process.

– Viewpoints discuss with the client. Many low-resolution images of different views are generated and sent to the client.

– Drafts of low-quality render will submit to the client for approval. Revisions can take place to textures and lights till approval.

– The final high-resolution 2D rendered image, with approved lighting, landscaping, shadows and other elements, is delivered to the client.

Architectural rendering services for residences require investment in rendering software, hardware and the training of personnel. For firms that find this kind of investment challenging, an emerging solution enjoying popularity is outsourcing these services. Outsourcing 3D rendering services provide a cost-benefit of up to 60% less than recruiting and training in-house teams.

Outsourcing Residential Rendering Benefits

Outsourced companies can convert freehand sketches and CAD drawings into 3D architectural renderings of high quality. Architects and graphic designers from these firms can develop 3D renderings in narrow time-frames.

residential rendering

Some of the benefits of outsourcing 3D rendering are:

1. Cost reduction and increase in profits – Fewer operational costs are incurred, resulting in higher profit margins.

2. Fast and consistent delivery – Regardless of the size or complexity of the rendering requirements, consistent services will deliver on time.

3. Secure data – Data presented, exchanged and modified will be safe and secure because outsourced firms want to retain clients with reliable service.

4. Accurate representation and high quality – Many outsourced firms are experts in rendering, with several years of experience, and can, therefore, deliver high quality every time.

5. Additional resources, less management – Outsourced firms have a large pool of skilled 3D artists, whose services can avail without the need to manage them. The skilled resources can become an extension of the client, saving training costs.

6. Significant advantage – Time and cost benefits from outsourcing may result in an early market introduction of the product or residences, which would entice customers due to the excellent quality available at lower prices.

7. Tools and infrastructure – Investment in an expensive software tool, infrastructure and software can avoid since the outsourced firms would already have these.

8. Professional and process-driven approach – Most outsourced firms understand and have developed the habit of process-driven performance.

What to Avoid When You Are Outsourcing Rendering Service

To get optimum results when outsourcing retail rendering services, some common mistakes are:

Incomplete Briefings – When briefings are incomplete or unclear, it becomes difficult for renderers to visualize the project. Outsourced firms must be correctly and briefed on residential layouts, finishes, fittings, paint colors, design style guides and any landscape requirements.

Communication Lapses – With outsourced projects, timelines, guidelines, and other project details need ongoing communication. A dedicated offshore team would help significantly in clear dialogue between the two firms. It is key to understand that renderers are not designers. Renderers need not be specifically aware of furniture, fittings, material, color schemes and other details required for a complete and detailed design.

In the increasingly competitive climate in the construction industry worldwide, advantages such as outsourcing reflect in overall profits. While understanding the process of architectural rendering services is essential, it is essential to employ clear communication at all times with outsourced firms on all project details for maximum results.

10 REASONS TO USE VRAY FOR ARCHITECTURAL RENDERING

product rendering

This article is originally published at Realspace3d.com.

 Why is Vray so popular among 3D artists and why is it  Vray and Architectural Rendering work so well together? The rendering powerhouse is used to create 3D models, special effects, and graphic design. V-Ray has been the most sought-after program on the market. Although the software doesn’t retail for cheap, it has remained a popular choice for designers since its launch in 2007. This begs the question: what makes it so good?  

THE ROLE OF RENDERING MACHINES

Before we get into the skinny of the V-Ray software and its advantages, let’s go through the role of rendering machines. V-Ray rendering generates the image from a 3D model, most commonly 3ds Max.

To illustrate, imagine creating a clay sculpture. This clay sculpture acts as your 3D model. Now that you have your 3D model, you may want to share it with your coworkers right now. As you can’t bring your clay sculpture around, you take a picture with your camera. The picture of your clay sculpture is what you send to your boss or friends. The camera acts as your rendering machine.

Rendering machines and software essentially translate your model into a flat image. The latter can be printed and/or shared online—allowing you to get your ideas across. For industries that rely heavily on the software, it’s important they provide an accurate translation of their models. This is emphasized in architecture applications and design, where everything is up to scale.

V-RAY HISTORY

3D rendering software, like V-Ray, were already used in the late 90s and the early 2000s. Their applications are still the same for today: graphic design, architectural modeling, and special effects. Chaos Group, the company behind V-Ray, was a small 3D design and animation studio headquartered in Bulgaria.

In 1997, the group had to render atmospheric effects. Unsatisfied with the render plug-ins at the time, the group decided to create their own. Atmos Blender, the company’s in-house rendering engine, was created. Little did they know that would be the backbone for V-Ray, which was released to the public five years later.

Artist support was satisfactory in V-Ray’s early years for architectural rendering. However, it wasn’t until 2008 that V-Ray gained attention in artist communities. It became a software to look out for. Without missing a beat, Chaos Group released an interactive version, V-Ray RT, and the much-anticipated V-Ray Maya. The rest, as they say, is history.

V-Ray continues to be a preferred choice within professional artist circles. It has been used to create special effects in films, simulate living conditions for architectural settings, and produce hyper-realistic images.

Top 10 reasons we prefer using V-Ray for Rendering

1.) CONSISTENT PERFORMANCE

2.)   THE OPTIONS AREN’T LIMITED TO LIGHT AND MATERIALS

3.) SEAMLESS EXECUTION

4.) SYNCS ON MULTIPLE 3D MODELING PLATFORMS

5.) PERFECT FOR ANIMATING

6.) REALISTIC OUTPUTS

7.) VAST MATERIAL AND LIGHTING OPTIONS TO CHOOSE FROM—AMONGST OTHERS

8.) AN INVESTMENT TO LAST

9.) FASTER THAN THE REST

10.) THE COMMUNITY

Boost Your Strength

Get your Free Analysis. Your Blueprint to Amplifying Your Strengths!

Look at your strengths and develop an action plan to BOOST them!

Get your Free Analysis

How it Works

If you want to accomplish great things then you need to focus on improving your strengths rather than on improving your weaknesses. Try this tool and find out for yourself how much you can gain by boosting and working on your strengths!

How Modern Financial Analytics is Changing Industry Trends

Financial Analytics

Analytics have become a go-to tool for most organisations today. We have discovered just how powerful it is for businesses to get information in a timely manner. It helps them make better decisions and to respond much better to current trends that are always in a state of flux. There is perhaps no better use of analytics than finances. If marketing analytics is the heart of every business then financial analytics is the blood that allows them to thrive. We are discovering new ways to increase the value of our business every day.

In short, financial analytics have become game changers for businesses. They are constantly changing industry trends around the world.

What Exactly Is Financial Analytics?

To put this as simply as possible, it’s a tool that provides different looks at a company’s financial information. This analysis is used to gain a deeper understanding of business performance so that improvements can be made. Finances play a key role in all aspects of a business so financial analytics are an essential ingredient of success.

The simple truth is that financial analytics provide forecasting that can be used to shape the goals of a business. This powerful form of reporting is changing industry trends.

Sheds a New Light on Revenue Projections

The data provided by financial analytics reveals some important points about how a customer makes a purchase. For example, you can use predictive analytics to determine where your website is losing customers. For example, Amazon uses analytics to determine the behaviour of a customer in relation to product reviews. They know that products with several reviews get more purchases, so they are able to build this fact into their revenue model. They famously provide an information-driven pathway for customers on their website, using a complex ranking system to drive buyers to better products.

My point is that revenue projections make this possible because Amazon can see that buyers are spending more money on these types of products, so they rank them accordingly. The result is fewer lost sales.

Answers Important Questions About Business Processes

Technology is forcing businesses to create more complex systems so there are several questions that tend to always come up. Financial analytics will help you answer some of these important questions.

  • What are the biggest financial risks?
  • How can we adapt our process to avoid these risks?
  • Are we making the right investments in technology?
  • How are different channels bringing us profit?
  • Which market segments are generating the most profits?

Understanding these key points strengthens a business and everyone within it because we can create processes that are geared towards higher profits.

Businesses are Rethinking Labour Costs

Financial analytics are changing the way businesses look at labour costs. Let’s use the utility industry as an example. Customers are more likely to call in when their bills are high. By using predictive analytics, power companies can determine which customers will have the highest bills in a given month. This information can then be used to alert these customers before their high bills arrive. That will lower the number of customers that call about high bills, therefore allowing these companies to lower labour costs at their call centres.

That is just one example of how financial analytics can directly affect labour costs. Businesses should make sure that employees are working on core business processes.

CFOs Have Faster Access to Data than Ever Before

Traditional financial analytical systems do not analyse data in real time. They rely on daily/weekly reports being filed. Then those reports are analysed to create charts and other important analytical tools. CFOs can only see things happening in past tense – when it’s already too late to make meaningful changes. That’s why businesses had to rely on intuition so much in the past. They did not have access to real time data.

Fast-forward to the modern business world where CFOs are able to access real-time data. Having access to financial data provides CFOs with the ability to make important financial decisions that can help navigate a business in the right direction. They no longer have to deal with those delayed reports.

Pinpointing errors immediately allows a business to react quickly and mitigate issues before they become too much of a drain on the business.

Businesses Have Become Proactive Rather than Reactive

Businesses have always been infamous for being reactive in nature. Changes occur in the market and a business reacts to those changes. However, the ability to access real-time financial data has led to a shift in businesses. They have the ability to become proactive. In other words, they can predict changes in the market and take action before the change actually occurs.

In business, we’re always under pressure to acquire new customers and optimise their experience. Financial analytics help us learn the spending habits of those customers so that we can create the best possible buying experience. In the past, we were forced to wait until we saw drops in customers to even know there was a problem. Today, we see businesses acting well in advance of consumer trends.

Financial analytics should not be reserved solely for large businesses. In truth, small businesses have just as much to gain from this powerful tool. It ensures that you are able to adapt to trends that could potentially affect your operations. Plus, financial reports are the measuring stick for success used by banks and investors.  

Bathroom Lighting Tips: Best Practices from our Experts

bathroom lighting tips

In many households, the bathroom is arguably the most used room. For all of the time we spend cleaning, grooming and relaxing in the bathroom, the room deserves to be properly lit with trimless downlights and wall switch inside a bathroom! Yet, many homeowners neglect to put much thought into its lighting design. We offer four best practices for bathroom lighting from our experts.

Best Practices Bathroom Lighting Tips from our Experts

Illuminate the Vanity with Side Lights

An important lesson to learn about bathroom lighting is to never have recessed lights above your vanity mirror as the only source of illumination. Downlighting casts shadows that make you appear less attractive and make it more difficult to complete grooming tasks. Placing wall sconces on either side of the mirror will distribute light evenly and help you avoid injury when shaving.

Mount a Light Above the Tub

bathroom lighting tips

In many bathrooms, the shower is situated in a corner where light cannot reach. To combat the issue of limited light when you’re trying to shave or reach the shampoo bottle, have a light installed right above the tub. A recessed can will throw just the right amount of light to help you see, without being too harsh in the early morning or late night hours.

Install Separate Dimmers

Depending on the time of day, you want different levels of light. For instance, when you’ve just woken up in the morning, you likely prefer less light; maybe you switch on the wall sconces by the vanity and that’s it. If you have one dimmer for three different sources of light, you won’t have full control over the bathroom lighting. Instead, have a dimmer panel for each source: sconces, recessed cans, chandelier, etc.

bathroom lighting tips

Add a Touch of Decorative Sparkle

If you spend a lot of time relaxing in the bathroom, why not make the space more of a spa-like atmosphere? A sophisticated chandelier or pendant light can help create the ideal ambience you want for a quiet bubble bath after a long day at the office. Plus, a central fixture looks very elegant in a room that is often overlooked when it comes to decorating!

Source: ctlighting.com

 

RELATED ARTICLE

Bathroom Lighting Ideas/

Tips Cleaning Bathroom Mirror

Bathroom Lighting Ideas every style

 

Kids Halloween Safety Tips

Kids halloween

With Halloween quickly approaching, it is important to talk about the necessary safety precautions to take to ensure a fun and ghoulishly great Halloween! We have gathered up the Top 10 Halloween Safety Tips for you and your little one.

Check out 63% OFF Halloween iPhone and Samsung Cases.

  1. It is tempting for children (and adults) to dart from house to house when trick-or-treating, but to stay safe you should always cross the street at corners, using traffic signals and cross walks. Check these halloween apps ‘To Die For’.
  2. If your child is under the age of 12, he/she should not be out at night without supervision. However, if your child is a confident trick-or-treater then you can let him/her go to the door alone while you wait on the sidewalk.
  3. If your child is over the age of 12 and you feel like he/she can trick-or-treat alone, then be sure to map out an acceptable path for him/her to take in the neighborhood.
  4. Costumes can not only be creative, but also safe! Feel free to add a little reflective tape to a superhero’s cape or a princess’s skirt.

    halloween costume for kids

  5. Another way to illuminate your little one on Halloween is to have him/her wear or carry glow sticks! Not only are they fun for kids but they will light him/her up so that cars can easily see him/her.
  6. Double check to make sure your little one’s costume, wig, or accessories are all fire-resistant. Also, check to make sure any Halloween makeup used is non-toxic and won’t give him/her a rash.
  7. A good rule of thumb is to only go to homes with a porch light on and to never enter a home or car for a treat. Those are actually good rules to keep all year round!
  8. Since it is a holiday and you and your little one might be out for awhile on Halloween, try to stay off of your cell phone. It can be tempting to check social media or text, but this can put you or your little one at risk for vehicle danger or abduction.
  9. Eating candy can be one of the best parts of trick-or-treating, but be sure to tell your little one to wait until they get home so that you can scope out their loot. Any opened or suspicious looking candy should be thrown away.
  10. If you are not going to be out trick-or-treating with your little one this year, then be extra careful when driving. It is best to keep an extra close eye out for children on roadways, medians, and curbs.

Hope your Halloween is full of great costumes, sweet candy, and fun times! Remember, the Top 10 Halloween Safety Tips will help to keep you and your little one safe this spooky holiday.

Soure: crane-usa.com