Technology

3D Modeling And Computer Programs

3d modeling

3d modeling

The process of 3D modeling is actually a mathematical component one needs to develop in order to represent the surface of the object as a complete image. A model could be created using a computer program or by hand. Models created by hand are not very common nowadays; most designers prefer to work with a computer screen and keyboard to create prototypes.

The models generated on a computer screen like house rendering use a geometric equation connecting points or triangles, curves, lines and so on. These geometric equations can be created by hand on paper with the same collection of data points used in the computer rendering. Then they can be scanned into a computer for further manipulation.

There are many different computer software programs available for individuals who want to manipulate a photo rendering for more dimensions. These various programs allow the user to add and subtract depth and do the same for mesh. They can also stretch various aspects of a photo’s components. All of this gives a photo a life-like look.

If the metadata is compatible with other files, the person manipulating the photo can import other pieces of data into their photo to create more depth. There are many different techniques someone can integrate into a photo to make it seem real. The person doing the modeling can also map different textures into their photo to give it an even more real feel.

There are two types of representations with this type of models, solid and shell/boundary. The solid is like a rock, it will define the volume of the object you want to represent. They are a little more difficult to draw because they are more realistic in nature. This type of model, the solid model is used in engineering and medical simulated drawings to help doctors and city planners understand better what they need to do.

The shell/boundary types of models or drawings represent the boundary or surface of the object. This is the type of model or drawing that is used in video games. It is much easier to work with as a model and easier to draw for both beginners and experienced modelers.

In computer graphics, boundary representations are the most common because of their appearance. The surface of the item needs to be what is represented most. This is because the exterior of the item you are representing is what is seen, however the interior is what gives the item its depth. All of these needs to come together and that is why you need the complex mathematical equations.

To bring everything together, many modelers use meshing. Instead of meshing squares or circles, they tend to mesh together triangles. Meshing together triangles is a popular way to render a scene from the abstract to something life-like for 3D modeling. This meshing of triangles can be done on paper or with a computer program with wonderful, multilevel results.

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How to Use SketchUp Make for 3D Design

how to use sketchup

Google SketchUp Make, a Simple to Use 3D Modeling CAD Package

There are several 3D CAD software applications available for high end and used for house rendering, detailed design in the area of engineering and architecture. High powered software comes with a corresponding price tag which can range from hundreds to thousands of dollars. Examples of 3D CAD software are AutoCAD, Solid Works, and Solid Edge. Google SketchUp Make is a free software package which can be upgraded to the pro version (SketchUp Pro) for about $600. The free version is useful for simple 3D design of images, diagrams, and graphics for websites and can be used free of charge for home, personal and educational use.

While Google bought the company @Last Software which originally developed Sketchup, the application is currently owned by Trimble Navigation.

Glossary

CAD: Computer Aided Design. The use of computers and software to create a virtual design. The design could be as simple as a schematic drawing of an electrical circuit or PCB layout or a more sophisticated 3D model of a building or animated model of a machine. A CAD design can be easily modified compared to a traditional pencil or pen and ink drawing, or real world 3D prototype

3D Modeling: The process of creating a virtual 3 dimensional object within a software package.

Rendering: Adding colors and textures to the surface faces of a 3D object

Wire Frame: A technique for creating and displaying 3D objects using frameworks of lines. Wire frame images display quicker than rendered images which was important before the days of fast computer systems and graphics cards

Ray Tracing: Creating photo realistic images by simulating the effects of interactions of light rays with objects in a virtual scene

A wire frame image
A wire frame image | Source

Designing a Switch – Start With 2D and Extrude

In the video below, I draw a rocker switch. Design involves drawing primitive 2D shapes initially, and then “pushing” and “pulling” to extrude the shape into a 3D solid. Once the shape is created, it can be exported to a JPG file.

Effective 3D Rendering for Real Estate Industry

3d rendering

The real estate industry has a long history. But never before was it touched so significantly by the field of technology as in the present times. The concept of keeping clients waiting to give them the first look at their desired property is not always welcome. This can make the clients impatient and drive them not to go further to buy the property. A solution to this problem lies in the recent utilization of technology to create virtual reality. That’s what the real estate industry is using 3D rendering for. And with amazing results as well.

Effective 3D Rendering for the Real Estate Industry

It has been observed that house rendering helps the real estate industry significantly. People tend to buy those properties more, which they have already seen. However, it is not always possible for the real estate agents to show the properties to their prospective clients. This is because the marketing, which is needed to sell the property, has to be started far ahead. This poses a major challenge for the real estate agents, as it is quite difficult to convince the potential customers to buy a property when they have not even seen it.

This is where 3D rendering becomes relevant. It creates a virtual presentation of the upcoming properties even before they have been created. Moreover, with every passing day, technologies are becoming more and more advanced. So, different kinds of 3D renderings are also emerging, which are making it easier for real estate agents to sell their properties.

Here’s a quick look at some of the most common forms of 3D rendering, which are used extensively in the real estate industry.

3d rendering

Different Types of 3D Rendering

Rendering for the real estate properties and each of them offers a unique experience to the viewers. Some of these renderings include:

  • 3D Interactive
  • 3D Flythrough
  • 3D Walkthrough

All these forms of virtual 3D architectural renditions help the potential buyers to feel interested about a property and go ahead with the decision of purchasing the real estate property.

Interactive 3D Rendering for a Personalized Experience

Buying a real estate property means investing a good amount of money. So, would you like to invest in something about which you do not have any idea? Of course not. And this holds true for a large number of customers as well. So, the real estate property dealers have to find a way out to give you the feeling of moving into your desired space even when it is not ready. Besides, the customers need to have a personalized experience as well. And this is what interactive 3D rendering helps them to achieve.

The concept of this form of 3D rendering is becoming more and more popular these days. The viewers have the opportunity to rotate the structure and see each and every corner of it. This surely gives an amazing experience and the potential buyers can know about the property in detail before purchasing it.

Quick View through 3D Flythrough Experience

The concept of 3D flythrough takes the 3D interactive experience a step forward. It takes you swiftly through the different corners of the property. The 3D flythrough experience is going to take you around the property in a random manner. You will be able to explore the architecture from different angles. This will surely be an amazing experience, as you will be able to see each and every corner of the virtual property and can even get a bird’s eye view of it. Remember, this might not be possible for you to do when you are walking into the real property once it has been constructed.

Virtually Going through the Property with 3D Walkthrough

The style of 3D walkthrough is a bit advanced form of the fly-through experience. It gives a clear indication of how you might feel when you walk into the property that you are planning to purchase. You can see all the corners of the property at eye level and thus, it is very much akin to the experience of walking into the property in reality. You can take different directions and enjoy the walking simulation on the computer screen. Besides, you can even have an idea of the height of the ceiling, the type of floors, and so on when you walk into the property using 3D walkthrough technology.

The practice of offering 3D rendering in the real estate industry surely offers one of the most amazing forms of virtual tours through the property. It is turning out to be extremely effective, as it has been observed that these 3D rendering can even influence your decision to buy the property.

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Article Source: https://lerablog.org/business/economy/real-estate/forms-of-3d-rendering-driving-the-real-estate-industry/

Is Outsourcing Residential Rendering a Good Idea or Not?

residential rendering

Residential architectural renderings have far more advantages than just impressing clients and influencing sales. Models developed through 3D rendering services increase the efficiency of the construction process, help reduce the design cycle and help eliminate errors before construction begins.

The 3D architectural visualization provided by the rendering process is a significant step in architectural and engineering work, but due to its technical nature, outsourcing is seen to be increasingly favored by Western firms to procure architectural rendering services at an effective cost and of high quality.

What is Rendering?

Rendering is a great tool to visualize and perfect the architectural process, but just what does it involve? In brief, a detailed representation of a 3D object results in 3D modeling. This 3D model (or scene file) can then be used as an image on a print through the process known as rendering. It is also known as image synthesis and is the digital development of a photorealistic image from a 2D or 3D model. It is called a ‘rendering’ most likely because it is similar to an artist’s ‘rendering’ of a scene.

Rendering

The created scene file hosts objects in a defined language. This file contains data on geometry, viewpoint, texture, lighting, and shading, and transferred to a rendering programme. The information will process, and the output sends to a digital image or raster graphics image file.

A rendering device, a graphics processing unit or GPU, assists a CPU in performing complex rendering calculations. Models are specific mathematical 3D representations of points and surfaces, or vertices and polygons, and a 3D software render engine transforms the equation to a complete and detailed 2D image.

Spatial, textural and lighting data combine to create color values for each pixel of the 2D image. For example, when using virtual lighting to make a scene look realistic, the rendering software used should effectively solve the rendering equation. This equation does not determine all light sources and effects, but it is a general lighting model for the image generated. Rendering provides the finishing touches to models, and rendering software is an engineered programme that brings together disciplines connected with light physics, visual perception, and mathematics.

Current 3D software includes a render engine and textural and lighting packages to enable the creation of photorealistic images. Commonly used render engines are Mental Ray and V-Ray. Available with Autodesk Maya, Mental Ray is fast and flexible, using raytracing and global illumination, to generate images with subsurface scattering. V-Ray use with 3DS Max for detailed architectural visualization and environment rendering.

It is well known for its lighting tools and well-stocked materials library. Residential rendering includes architectural renderings of homes and buildings, and interior design renders of rooms and homes.

Popular Rendering Tools

rendering

The more popular software tools used for architectural rendering include:

  • 3DS Max
  • Autodesk Maya
  • Photoshop CS
  • V-Ray
  • AutoCAD
  • SketchUp

Photo-realistic visualization and 3D architectural rendering can ensure that design ideas view while maintaining the accuracy of the details portrayed. The effect of shadow, sunlight and artificial light can also describe in renders.

How To Create Photorealistic Rendering

photorealistic rendering

Effective 3D rendering communicates ideas clearly to clients, and with a process-driven approach, both clients and those providing 3D rendered images will benefit. This how the process generally works:

– Renderer’s understand what the client wants, using plans, sketches, and images from the client to visualize the project.

– Clients send CAD ‘dwg’ files with drawings, plans, blueprints, with PDF, DWG, CAD, JPEG, PNG or other file formats, showing elevations, interior design, floor plans, site and roof plans.

– A digital 3D model created.

– The model has images added to improve the realism.

– Lights are set up to replicate real-world lighting.

– The model generates 2D images. This when rendering occurs, which can take a few seconds to several days, depending on the complexity and quality required. Large rendering computers known as render farms run this process.

– Viewpoints discuss with the client. Many low-resolution images of different views are generated and sent to the client.

– Drafts of low-quality render will submit to the client for approval. Revisions can take place to textures and lights till approval.

– The final high-resolution 2D rendered image, with approved lighting, landscaping, shadows and other elements, is delivered to the client.

Architectural rendering services for residences require investment in rendering software, hardware and the training of personnel. For firms that find this kind of investment challenging, an emerging solution enjoying popularity is outsourcing these services. Outsourcing 3D rendering services provide a cost-benefit of up to 60% less than recruiting and training in-house teams.

Outsourcing Residential Rendering Benefits

Outsourced companies can convert freehand sketches and CAD drawings into 3D architectural renderings of high quality. Architects and graphic designers from these firms can develop 3D renderings in narrow time-frames.

residential rendering

Some of the benefits of outsourcing 3D rendering are:

1. Cost reduction and increase in profits – Fewer operational costs are incurred, resulting in higher profit margins.

2. Fast and consistent delivery – Regardless of the size or complexity of the rendering requirements, consistent services will deliver on time.

3. Secure data – Data presented, exchanged and modified will be safe and secure because outsourced firms want to retain clients with reliable service.

4. Accurate representation and high quality – Many outsourced firms are experts in rendering, with several years of experience, and can, therefore, deliver high quality every time.

5. Additional resources, less management – Outsourced firms have a large pool of skilled 3D artists, whose services can avail without the need to manage them. The skilled resources can become an extension of the client, saving training costs.

6. Significant advantage – Time and cost benefits from outsourcing may result in an early market introduction of the product or residences, which would entice customers due to the excellent quality available at lower prices.

7. Tools and infrastructure – Investment in an expensive software tool, infrastructure and software can avoid since the outsourced firms would already have these.

8. Professional and process-driven approach – Most outsourced firms understand and have developed the habit of process-driven performance.

What to Avoid When You Are Outsourcing Rendering Service

To get optimum results when outsourcing retail rendering services, some common mistakes are:

Incomplete Briefings – When briefings are incomplete or unclear, it becomes difficult for renderers to visualize the project. Outsourced firms must be correctly and briefed on residential layouts, finishes, fittings, paint colors, design style guides and any landscape requirements.

Communication Lapses – With outsourced projects, timelines, guidelines, and other project details need ongoing communication. A dedicated offshore team would help significantly in clear dialogue between the two firms. It is key to understand that renderers are not designers. Renderers need not be specifically aware of furniture, fittings, material, color schemes and other details required for a complete and detailed design.

In the increasingly competitive climate in the construction industry worldwide, advantages such as outsourcing reflect in overall profits. While understanding the process of architectural rendering services is essential, it is essential to employ clear communication at all times with outsourced firms on all project details for maximum results.

10 REASONS TO USE VRAY FOR ARCHITECTURAL RENDERING

product rendering

This article is originally published at Realspace3d.com.

 Why is Vray so popular among 3D artists and why is it  Vray and Architectural Rendering work so well together? The rendering powerhouse is used to create 3D models, special effects, and graphic design. V-Ray has been the most sought-after program on the market. Although the software doesn’t retail for cheap, it has remained a popular choice for designers since its launch in 2007. This begs the question: what makes it so good?  

THE ROLE OF RENDERING MACHINES

Before we get into the skinny of the V-Ray software and its advantages, let’s go through the role of rendering machines. V-Ray rendering generates the image from a 3D model, most commonly 3ds Max.

To illustrate, imagine creating a clay sculpture. This clay sculpture acts as your 3D model. Now that you have your 3D model, you may want to share it with your coworkers right now. As you can’t bring your clay sculpture around, you take a picture with your camera. The picture of your clay sculpture is what you send to your boss or friends. The camera acts as your rendering machine.

Rendering machines and software essentially translate your model into a flat image. The latter can be printed and/or shared online—allowing you to get your ideas across. For industries that rely heavily on the software, it’s important they provide an accurate translation of their models. This is emphasized in architecture applications and design, where everything is up to scale.

V-RAY HISTORY

3D rendering software, like V-Ray, were already used in the late 90s and the early 2000s. Their applications are still the same for today: graphic design, architectural modeling, and special effects. Chaos Group, the company behind V-Ray, was a small 3D design and animation studio headquartered in Bulgaria.

In 1997, the group had to render atmospheric effects. Unsatisfied with the render plug-ins at the time, the group decided to create their own. Atmos Blender, the company’s in-house rendering engine, was created. Little did they know that would be the backbone for V-Ray, which was released to the public five years later.

Artist support was satisfactory in V-Ray’s early years for architectural rendering. However, it wasn’t until 2008 that V-Ray gained attention in artist communities. It became a software to look out for. Without missing a beat, Chaos Group released an interactive version, V-Ray RT, and the much-anticipated V-Ray Maya. The rest, as they say, is history.

V-Ray continues to be a preferred choice within professional artist circles. It has been used to create special effects in films, simulate living conditions for architectural settings, and produce hyper-realistic images.

Top 10 reasons we prefer using V-Ray for Rendering

1.) CONSISTENT PERFORMANCE

2.)   THE OPTIONS AREN’T LIMITED TO LIGHT AND MATERIALS

3.) SEAMLESS EXECUTION

4.) SYNCS ON MULTIPLE 3D MODELING PLATFORMS

5.) PERFECT FOR ANIMATING

6.) REALISTIC OUTPUTS

7.) VAST MATERIAL AND LIGHTING OPTIONS TO CHOOSE FROM—AMONGST OTHERS

8.) AN INVESTMENT TO LAST

9.) FASTER THAN THE REST

10.) THE COMMUNITY

Landscape LED Lighting Guide

When we decided to landscape the front of our home, our landscape designer sent us on a tour of the town’s most beautifully landscaped front yards. We loved driving around to different neighborhoods, admiring the flower-filled beds in front of one home and the mature trees towering over another, but it wasn’t until he asked us to revisit some of those homes again, at night, did we see the full picture of exterior accent lighting.

Landscape & Exterior Accent Lighting Guide

Landscapes that looked merely pretty by day seemed to come to life in the evening, glowing with mystery and drama. And that’s when we first discovered the power of landscape lighting.

Fortunately, adding warmth and magic to an outdoor area through the use of landscape lighting is easier than ever thanks to the stunning array of lighting available today. Hopefully, these 5 simple steps will show you how easily you can create an inviting outdoor living area through the use of lighting.

1. Survey Your Space

The first step will be to decide which area of your outdoor space you want to tackle first. Keep in mind that while landscape lights are beautiful, they are also an important security measure. Which areas would benefit the most from being well-lit and inviting?

2. Setting the scene

Once you’ve determined the areas of your home’s exterior that you would like to accentuate and an idea of the types of landscape lighting that will illuminate them, next you will need to determine how you want to showcase these places.

Landscape Lighting

Landscape Lighting Techniques

  • Up Lighting – Using either inground lighting, spotlights, or a combination of both, this technique will add drama to any tall trees and dense foliage in your front yard.
  • Moon Lighting – Placing tree lights at least 25 feet tall and angled at 45 degrees provides the illusion of natural light streaming through the branches.
  • Cross Lighting – Use directional accent lights to define surface texture and bring the centerpiece of your landscape lighting design, such as a sculpture or dramatical architectural feature, to life.
  • Mirror Lighting – Directional spot lights used in conjunction with a pool or other reflective surface will create another level to your lighting design.
  • Wall Lighting – Using either wall mounted trimless downlights or directional spot lights, you will create an outline of your landscape and definition to your home’s exterior. The difference between the following is simply the position and angle of the spot light.
  • Grazing – Place a directional light 1 foot away from the wall and point the spotlight straight up to illuminate a v-shape on the wall.
  • Wall Washing – Use multiple spot lights to provide a broad, even illumination across the exterior of your home or large retaining walls.
  • Silhouetting – Add a spot light or in-ground light angled toward the wall behind a bush, shrub, or another item with a unique or interesting shape.
  • Backlighting – Similar to silhouetting, but the spot light is angled towards the landscape feature and away from the wall.
  • Shadowing – Similar to silhouetting, but the spot light is placed in front of the landscape feature.
  • Step Lighting – Provide even lighting and prevent tripping hazards with deck lights mounted on handrails or path lights. Lights may be positions on one side or both depending on the fixture mounting height and width of the set of steps.
  • Path/Area Lighting – Position and spacing of the fixtures should provide a visually appealing and even illumination of the path or walkway

3. What’s your style

The design of your home will naturally influence the style, finish and details of the landscape lighting that you choose. Fortunately, there are a wide variety of styles from which to choose, from rustic to modern, vintage to transitional. Finishes are as varied as indoor lighting options, including black, white, brass, copper, or satin nickel. See this wall switch inside a bathroom to give you an idea.

4. Pick your power

Low voltage lighting is a smart choice for enhancing the security of your home, and will last longer than traditional line voltage landscape lighting.

New to working with low-voltage landscape lighting? Hinkley Lighting is one of the leading experts on landscape lighting. View this Hinkley video first to help with some tips and tricks of the trade to getting your low voltage project underway.

Source: Nada Manley of delmarfans.com

 

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A Complete Guide to Dummy Phones

complete guide to dummy phones

Have you always thought that real smart phones are in display of a cell phone shop? We hate to break it to you but you have been duped! Those are dummy phones most of the time. A dummy phone, or a non-working phone, is used commonly as a representation to indicate that the store have that model. More importantly, this is used to prevent theft of expensive phones.

You may have search the web and find no luck in searching info about these dummy phones. Well, fear not. This guide will delve into what’s inside a dummy mobile phone, how to spot a one from a real one, some examples of realistic toy cellphones and where to find wholesale dummy cell phones.

 

What a Dummy Phone Interior Looks Like

You may think that it looks real from the outside. But, one Youtuber opened a Samsung toy phone to show what actually is inside of it in this video. Spoiler alert: don’t be surprised if we find no electronics in there.

First, he removed the top case (the one with the screen) and we can see that it’s just a cheap plastic that’s just glued to the metal body. The Menu button can easily be detached as well. Then, he showed the back part. He opened the cover and a thin metal sheet, which represents a battery, is attached in the middle. The camera is just a lens that is fastened on to what seemed to be the receiver.

 

Comparing a Dummy iPhone to a Real iPhone

Due to lack of resources online, we refer again to this Youtube video comparing a dummy iPhone 6 to a real iPhone 5s. The Youtuber who uploaded this first unboxed the iPhone dummy and when he flipped it, we can see that there is no Apple logo on the back. He said that the dummy iPhone 6 fits more comfortably in his hand than the actual iPhone 5s. The ports and buttons are really perfect replicas of the real ones.

 

Fake vs. Real: The True Test

fake vs dummy phone

Do you want to know if a phone is a counterfeit? These are some warning signs that you should look out for:

SUBTLE APPEARANCE DIFFERENCES: You might find it hard to search for differences at first glance because the fake one’s aim is to really fool you. However, a keen viewing might lead you to some obvious ones. Observe the color, location of buttons, size or spelling of the brand name. Counterfeiters are able to copy almost all the phone’s details down to very small ones. Therefore, it makes it more difficult to tell if a phone is original. As much as possible, you need to view the phone in person to scrutinize it properly.

FEATURES: iPhones made from China are the best example for this. One can hardly tell the difference between an Apple-made from China-made from the outside. But, once you opened them, the features are way too different. China-made iPhone iTunes app lead to Spotify. Like, what the heck? Then, the counterfeit display is much dimmer compared to the authentic one. The point here is you need to read the specs of the phone you are targeting to buy before making that purchase.

FUNCTIONALITY: Bogus phones are occasionally made out of cheap sub-standard components. Processing speeds are much slower. Also, operating systems might have missing essentials. That’s why the phone may not be compatible with affiliated software and applications.

WARRANTY: All manufacturers have a limited warranty for their products. One give away to tell if it is a fake one is when it doesn’t have a policy wherein you can return a damage product. So, beware!

PRICE: This might be the biggest sign that your phone is a counterfeit. If it’s a lot cheaper than the actual price, you might want to reconsider this. Remember to opt for quality rather than cheap without a guaranteed satisfaction.

 

Realistic Toy Phones Available at Unlimited Cellular

dummy phones

LG Vortex VS660 Replica Dummy Phone is available in bulk packaging. Some android phones for dummies are Samsung Omnia II I920 Replica, Samsung Galaxy Tab SCH-i800 Replica and LG Chocolate Touch VX8575. These are also available in bulk packaging. They look and weigh the same as the real phones they model. They are frequently used as kids’ toys or shop displays.

 

Where to find Wholesale Dummy Cell Phones

You can find affordable wholesale options for dummy phone needs at us, Unlimited Cellular. You can always save more when you buy in bulk.

Source: blog.unlimitedcellular.com

 

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Reasons To Ensure Proper Lighting In The Kitchen

Your kitchen should always be well-lit up for good functionality and as a necessity. Lighting does not only provide the right brightness but also creates the correct ambiance. The key to proper lighting in the kitchen includes a number of factors like lighting sources, layering of light, mixing ambient, task or accent with natural lighting coming from outside etc.

There are many things to be considered for ensuring proper lighting in the kitchen similar if you use trimless downlights. Following is a list of few of them.

Space Consideration

A kitchen’s size, layout and look plays a very key role is determining the number of fixtures and placement of fixtures for proper lighting. For instance, if you have tall ceilings and dark finish, you would require more light to come in naturally or artificially.

Task Lighting

Task lighting is a necessary inclusion over the cooking surface, tables and counters. You can also place it over the sink for proper lit up surface. Maintain a good gap of about 25-30 inches above a kitchen island or table but it might have more height for raised surface or a cooktop.

Recessed Lights

Recessed lights should add to the ambience and provide proper lighting for a kitchen. They should be placed apart with good distance to light the entire area and not just the area they are placed in.

Good Lighting In Action

General illumination can be provided by evenly spaced recessed lights in a large kitchen area. A decorative chandelier placed right above the kitchen island provides good lighting on the surface and lights under the cabinet ensure good and clear visibility for preparing meals.

Colour Is Important

The size of your kitchen will control the number of fixtures you will need to generate the required lighting but colour plays an important role as well. If your kitchen is white, it will reflect back light making the room feel bright and glowing. With such a colour in your kitchen, you can reduce on the number of fixtures you need or maybe buy bulbs that have lesser voltage.

Style Accents

Pendant lights are available in various colours, shapes, styles and sizes which work extremely well in filling the void present above islands as they provide perfect lighting for the work area. Using vintage-style lanterns can also add another layer of chic lighting in the kitchen.

Considering The Surface

The darker shades of colour in your kitchen, the more sources of light you require for proper lighting. White and colourful modular kitchens may not require that much light as compared to dark coloured kitchens. So considering the surface where the light will be reflected is very necessary. Having a switch similar to wall switch inside a bathroom can help you achieve the light you desire.

Source: housefull.com

How To Free Up Space On Your iPhone

iPhone

You used to get around 12GB of space on a 16GB iPhone, which simply isn’t enough for most people, so we were pleased when Apple bumped up the storage in the basic model of the iPhone 7 to 32GB. The company took things a step further with the introduction of the iPhone 8, which starts at 64GB. That’s a decent amount of room to grow into, but photos, music, and mysterious files can eat up all the space before you know it. That’s why, whatever model you have, it’s good to know how to free up space on your iPhone.

The first place to check when you’re running low on space is Settings > General > iPhone Storage. The bar at the top allows you to see how much storage is being used and what is using it at a glance. Different categories — including Apps, Mail, Photos, Messages, and Other — are color-coded.

DOWNSIZE YOUR APPS AND GAMES LIST

iphone storage apps

If you scroll down in Settings > General > iPhone Storage,you can see which apps and games are using the most space. The list is organized with the largest at the top, and listed beneath each entry is the last time you used it. If you click on an app, you’ll find a breakdown of the app size and the size of the documents and data associated with it.

Start by looking for apps that say Never Used and consider tapping them and selecting Delete App. It’s also worth looking for the Offload Unused Apps option at the top and tapping Enable to turn it on. This will automatically remove unused apps, but keep the documents and data associated with it, so if you reinstall an app later, you’ll retain everything you had before. You can also find this option in Settings > [Your Apple ID] > iTunes & App Store — simply scroll to the bottom to find the toggle.

If you’re looking for additional options, check out our guide on how to delete iPhone apps.

LIMIT THE SIZE OF PHOTOS AND VIDEOS

iPhone storage camera

Photos and videos that you shot yourself are likely taking up a lot of space on your iPhone. It’s a shame not to take full advantage of your camera’s features, but you should turn some of them off if you’re worried about space.

Start with Live Photos, because each one is a three-second video, instead of a photo. Tap the three concentric, yellow circles located at the top of the screen in the Camera app. When Live Photos are turned off, the circles should be white. Photos are better with HDR on, but if you’re going to use the feature, then go to Settings > Camera and turn Keep Normal Photo off. Here, you can also toggle Auto HDR off, if you prefer.

You should avoid recording 4K or slow-motion video if you have limited space, because both will take up a lot of storage space compared to ordinary video. You can save space by reducing the resolution and frame rate in Settings > Camera > Record Video or Record Slo-mo.

BACK UP IN THE CLOUD

iPhone Storage Cloud

A better way to cope with storage-hungry photos and videos is to back them up in the cloud. Apple’s built-in solution is iCloud. You can manage it via Settings > [Your Apple ID] > iCloud, where you’ll find a breakdown of your storage space and a list of all the apps that are currently using iCloud for backup purposes. Tap Photos and make sure iCloud Photo Library is toggled on, then tick Optimize iPhone Storage, so that full-resolution versions are replaced by optimized ones when you’re running low on space. And don’t worry — the full-resolution version will be kept in iCloud and can always be downloaded later.

Thankfully, there are lots of different options beyond iCloud that will allow you to manually or automatically back up your photos and videos. We recommend Google Photos because it’s straightforward and free. You can also get some free storage space with Dropbox or OneDrive.

Consult our roundup of the best free cloud storage apps for more ideas.

STREAM MUSIC AND MOVIES

Forget about downloading music, TV shows, or movies onto your iPhone. Use streaming services instead. Spotify and Netflix are our favorites, but there are loads of other to choose from. Apple Music and SoundCloud are great for music lovers, while Amazon Video, Hulu, and HBO Go make the perfect companion for those looking for movies or TV. If you use them when you’re out and about, just make sure that you keep an eye on your data usage.

DELETE OLD MESSAGES AND ATTACHMENTS

iPhone storage message

You should sift through your messages and delete anything unimportant, especially if it has an attachment. If you don’t want to go through the hassle of doing this manually, then go into Settings > Messages and scroll down to Message History and tap Keep Messages. Afterward, set it to 30 Days. It’s even worth deleting old voicemails, call history, and unused contacts.

You’ll also find the option to Review Large Attachments in Settings > General > iPhone Storage, which allows you to go through them and get rid of any you don’t need .

PURGE OLD FILES

If you have any old documents, videos, or other files on your iPhone that you can’t live without, it’s time to get rid of them. Remember to look inside specific apps. Check in iBooks, for example, and get rid of anything you’ve already read. Sometimes you can end up with duplicates or old files you’ve forgotten about if you use a photo-editing app or a document scanner.

TURN OFF AUTOMATIC DOWNLOADS

iPhone storage cloud

Look in Settings > [Your Apple ID] > iTunes & App Store and make sure that automatic downloads for MusicApps, and Books & Audiobooks are turned off. If you have these turned on, then you’ll automatically download content that you bought on other devices that use the same Apple ID. We recommend leaving Updates toggled on because app updates can bring extra security and bug fixes that you don’t want to miss out on.

CLEAR BROWSING DATA

iPhones Storage Safari

Your browsing history and website data builds up over time, but it’s easy to get rid of. Go to Settings > Safari, scroll down, and tap Clear History and Website Data. It probably won’t make a huge difference, but if you’ve never done it before, then it could clear a decent chunk of storage.

RESTORE YOUR IPHONE

iPhone Storage Reset

If you’ve worked through all our space-saving tips on your iPhone and you’re still short of space, there’s one last thing you can try. Back up your iPhone, wipe it, and then restore the backup. This will often reduce the size of the mysterious “Other” category listed in your storage breakdown.

To do so, go to Settings > General > Reset and choose Erase All Content and Settings > Back Up Then Erase, or consult our guide on how to factory reset your iPhone.

Image and Article Source: digitaltrends.com

The Importance of Lighting

Lighting in a kitchen is very important in order for you to function well you need to be able to see! But what type of lighting should you use? Technology has brought with it great choice, however sometimes too many variations can cause problems, Halogen, Low energy lighting or Led which one should you choose and then once you have made that choice what colour of lighting is best, for kitchen trimless downlights is best to use. There is no sure fire answer and sometimes the type of light is determined by your desire for dimming facilities.

Then there is the decision as to where the lighting should be placed. So lets start with position. Generally in a kitchen there are five different lighting positions;

  1. Ceiling lighting; to provide general overall light pattern; lighting your whole room.
  2. Plinth lighting; usually LED spots or strips to provide a runway affect, an atmospheric light and very low level.
  3. Display lighting; found in glass fronted cabinets and in over mantle shelving to provide targeted light to illuminate a particular object or space.
  4. Under wall unit lighting; designed to illuminate your working areas in front of you.
  5. Over wall unit lighting; either facing down to illuminate the area or washing up to illuminate the ceiling.

But what lights do you use and what strength? Every kitchen and every client will be different however as a general rule LED is far more energy efficient than Halogen and provides an identical light for a fraction of the running costs. Low energy fluorescents are generally a soft light which do not come on in full power and slowly warm up. LED strip lights are numerous little individual lights which come on a strip and can be installed in areas where conventional lighting cannot be installed.

The importance of lighting 2

However what types of light should you have, the most popular ceiling lights are downlights clean, unobtrusive and easy to control, however lighting can change the feeling of a room so sometimes give thought to whether you want a softer ceiling light on a separate switch which lights say a island area or a sitting area.

In regards to the intensity of the lights LED comes in three grades, Warm white, Daylight and bright white. The decision on which bulb you want is really a consideration of the natural light in the room the type of room and how you want the room to feel. Bear in mind now you can buy LED lights that are dimmable.

In regards to the other forms of lights these are all purely functional lighting workspaces and objects, very often a lot of these will be narrow beamed and quite bright however I personally like my under wall unit lights to be soft, enough light to work in without the main lights on and yet not too bright that they spoil the atmosphere.

So consider low energy fluorescents or LED warm white for these lights they don’t give off such a glare and they are comfortable to work with. A wall switch inside a bathroom is also a good choice if you want a dim light control

Remember lighting is really important in any room and in a room where you work and live it is vital you get it right so get advice from professionals.

Source: thekitchenthink.co.uk. This article is written by Stewart Woodruff.