Residential architectural renderings have far more advantages than just impressing clients and influencing sales. Models developed through 3D rendering services increase the efficiency of the construction process, help reduce the design cycle and help eliminate errors before construction begins.
The 3D architectural visualization provided by the rendering process is a significant step in architectural and engineering work, but due to its technical nature, outsourcing is seen to be increasingly favored by Western firms to procure architectural rendering services at an effective cost and of high quality.
What is Rendering?
Rendering is a great tool to visualize and perfect the architectural process, but just what does it involve? In brief, a detailed representation of a 3D object results in 3D modeling. This 3D model (or scene file) can then be used as an image on a print through the process known as rendering. It is also known as image synthesis and is the digital development of a photorealistic image from a 2D or 3D model. It is called a ‘rendering’ most likely because it is similar to an artist’s ‘rendering’ of a scene.
The created scene file hosts objects in a defined language. This file contains data on geometry, viewpoint, texture, lighting, and shading, and transferred to a rendering programme. The information will process, and the output sends to a digital image or raster graphics image file.
A rendering device, a graphics processing unit or GPU, assists a CPU in performing complex rendering calculations. Models are specific mathematical 3D representations of points and surfaces, or vertices and polygons, and a 3D software render engine transforms the equation to a complete and detailed 2D image.
Spatial, textural and lighting data combine to create color values for each pixel of the 2D image. For example, when using virtual lighting to make a scene look realistic, the rendering software used should effectively solve the rendering equation. This equation does not determine all light sources and effects, but it is a general lighting model for the image generated. Rendering provides the finishing touches to models, and rendering software is an engineered programme that brings together disciplines connected with light physics, visual perception, and mathematics.
Current 3D software includes a render engine and textural and lighting packages to enable the creation of photorealistic images. Commonly used render engines are Mental Ray and V-Ray. Available with Autodesk Maya, Mental Ray is fast and flexible, using raytracing and global illumination, to generate images with subsurface scattering. V-Ray use with 3DS Max for detailed architectural visualization and environment rendering.
It is well known for its lighting tools and well-stocked materials library. Residential rendering includes architectural renderings of homes and buildings, and interior design renders of rooms and homes.
Popular Rendering Tools
The more popular software tools used for architectural rendering include:
- 3DS Max
- Autodesk Maya
- Photoshop CS
Photo-realistic visualization and 3D architectural rendering can ensure that design ideas view while maintaining the accuracy of the details portrayed. The effect of shadow, sunlight and artificial light can also describe in renders.
How To Create Photorealistic Rendering
Effective 3D rendering communicates ideas clearly to clients, and with a process-driven approach, both clients and those providing 3D rendered images will benefit. This how the process generally works:
– Renderer’s understand what the client wants, using plans, sketches, and images from the client to visualize the project.
– Clients send CAD ‘dwg’ files with drawings, plans, blueprints, with PDF, DWG, CAD, JPEG, PNG or other file formats, showing elevations, interior design, floor plans, site and roof plans.
– A digital 3D model created.
– The model has images added to improve the realism.
– Lights are set up to replicate real-world lighting.
– The model generates 2D images. This when rendering occurs, which can take a few seconds to several days, depending on the complexity and quality required. Large rendering computers known as render farms run this process.
– Viewpoints discuss with the client. Many low-resolution images of different views are generated and sent to the client.
– Drafts of low-quality render will submit to the client for approval. Revisions can take place to textures and lights till approval.
– The final high-resolution 2D rendered image, with approved lighting, landscaping, shadows and other elements, is delivered to the client.
Architectural rendering services for residences require investment in rendering software, hardware and the training of personnel. For firms that find this kind of investment challenging, an emerging solution enjoying popularity is outsourcing these services. Outsourcing 3D rendering services provide a cost-benefit of up to 60% less than recruiting and training in-house teams.
Outsourcing Residential Rendering Benefits
Outsourced companies can convert freehand sketches and CAD drawings into 3D architectural renderings of high quality. Architects and graphic designers from these firms can develop 3D renderings in narrow time-frames.
Some of the benefits of outsourcing 3D rendering are:
1. Cost reduction and increase in profits – Fewer operational costs are incurred, resulting in higher profit margins.
2. Fast and consistent delivery – Regardless of the size or complexity of the rendering requirements, consistent services will deliver on time.
3. Secure data – Data presented, exchanged and modified will be safe and secure because outsourced firms want to retain clients with reliable service.
4. Accurate representation and high quality – Many outsourced firms are experts in rendering, with several years of experience, and can, therefore, deliver high quality every time.
5. Additional resources, less management – Outsourced firms have a large pool of skilled 3D artists, whose services can avail without the need to manage them. The skilled resources can become an extension of the client, saving training costs.
6. Significant advantage – Time and cost benefits from outsourcing may result in an early market introduction of the product or residences, which would entice customers due to the excellent quality available at lower prices.
7. Tools and infrastructure – Investment in an expensive software tool, infrastructure and software can avoid since the outsourced firms would already have these.
8. Professional and process-driven approach – Most outsourced firms understand and have developed the habit of process-driven performance.
What to Avoid When You Are Outsourcing Rendering Service
To get optimum results when outsourcing retail rendering services, some common mistakes are:
Incomplete Briefings – When briefings are incomplete or unclear, it becomes difficult for renderers to visualize the project. Outsourced firms must be correctly and briefed on residential layouts, finishes, fittings, paint colors, design style guides and any landscape requirements.
Communication Lapses – With outsourced projects, timelines, guidelines, and other project details need ongoing communication. A dedicated offshore team would help significantly in clear dialogue between the two firms. It is key to understand that renderers are not designers. Renderers need not be specifically aware of furniture, fittings, material, color schemes and other details required for a complete and detailed design.
In the increasingly competitive climate in the construction industry worldwide, advantages such as outsourcing reflect in overall profits. While understanding the process of architectural rendering services is essential, it is essential to employ clear communication at all times with outsourced firms on all project details for maximum results.